Beacon Team Member

Dr Mike Hale

BEACON Scientist

Bangor University


I have many years research experience with wood decaying fungi, sometimes to prevent decay using environmentally benign systems and at other times to promote decay and produce various products and transformations as a result of their activities. I have also worked on a variety of edible fungi both from decaying lignocellulosics and mycorrhizal fungi, including truffles. For a number of years I have also been involved in fungal tree diseases, their detection and the effects of climate change and genetics on disease.


Research Interests

Chemical and biological modification / transformation of wood and lignocellulosics. Production and use of enzymes in bioprocessing. Lignin breakdown. Antifungal compounds and fungal competition.


BEACON Activities

Isolation and characterisation of fungi with conventional and novel activities for use in bioprocessing.
Products of fungi grown on lignocellulosics (e.g. wood, Miscanthus, industrial by-products).
Production of high value products from white rot and other wood decay fungi.



AHMAD, M. N., HALE, M. D., ABDUL KHALIL, H.P.S. AND SURYANI S. (2013). Changes in extractive content on wood surfaces of chengal (Neobalanocarpus heimii) and effects on performance Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 25(3), 278–288.

HAMID, N.H. AND HALE, M.D.C. (2012). Decay threshold of acetylated rattan against white and brown rot fungi. International Wood Products Journal, 3 (2), 96-106

KADIR, R. AND HALE, M.D.C. (2012).  Comparative termite resistance of twelve Malaysian timber species in laboratory tests. Holzforschung, 66 (1), 127-130. DOI: 10.1515/HF.2011.116

SUFFIAN, M, ORMONDROYD, G. AND HALE, M.D.C. (2010). Comparisons of particleboard produced from Acacia hybrid and a UK commercial particleboard furnish from recycled wood. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 22 (3), 227-236

GONZÁLEZ-PEÑA, MM AND HALE, M. D. C. (2010). Rapid assessment of physical properties and chemical composition of thermally-modified wood by mid-infrared spectroscopy. Wood Science and technology, 45 (1), 83-102

LOICK, N, HALE, M D, DAVEY L. JONES, D L, AND HOBBS, P J. (2009) Bioremediation of poly-aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contaminated soil by composting.  Critical Reviews In Environmental Science and Technology, 39 ( 4), 271-332.

GONZÁLEZ-PEÑA, MM AND HALE, M. D. C. (2009). Colour in thermally modified wood of beech, Norway spruce and Scots pine. Part 1: Colour evolution and colour changes. Holzforschung, 63 (4), 385-393.

GONZÁLEZ-PEÑA, MM AND HALE, M. D. C. (2009). : Colour in thermally modified wood of beech, Norway spruce and Scots pine. Part 2: Property predictions from colour changes. Holzforschung, 63 (4), 394-401.

GONZÁLEZ-PEÑA, MM CURLING, SF AND HALE, M. D. C. (2009). On the effect of heat on the chemical composition and dimensions of thermally-modified woods. Polymer degradation and stability, 94 (12), 2184-2193

BLOM, J, VANNINI, A. VETTRAINO A.M., HALE, M.D.C. AND GODBOLD, D.L. (2009). Ectomycorrhizal community structure in a healthy and a Phytophthora-infected chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) stand in central Italy. Mycorrhiza, 20 (1), 25-38