Beacon Team Member

Campbell Skinner

Life Cycle Assessment Analyst

Bangor University


 Campbell is a Life Cycle Assessment analyst at the BioComposites Centre, Bangor University. He has worked extensively with LCA and carbon footprinting, in fields ranging from agriculture and horticulture, to bio-based product development and bio-refining. He has successfully led a number of previous LCA-based research projects and commercial contracts. Prior to joining the centre, Campbell worked at the University’s School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography specializing in agricultural greenhouse gas emissions and was project manager at the University’s carbon footprinting consultancy, Footprints4Food.

Research Interests

I am interested in all aspects of environmental accounting, corporate social responsibility and sustainability management in general.  My role within BEACON focuses on understanding the environmental profiles of bio-based products, especially as compared to established fossil fuel-based alternatives.                    

BEACON Activities

Life Cycle Assessment analysis based at the BioComposites Centre in Bangor

Recent Publications

Book chapters

Skinner C (2018) Designing with the life cycle in mind. In: Ormondroyd GA and Morris A (eds.) Designing with natural materials, pp 111-132. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. ISBN 9781498782708; 9780429853494

Ormondroyd GA, Spear MJ, Skinner C (2016) The opportunities and challenges for re-use and recycling of timber and wood products within the construction sector. In: Kutnar A, Muthu SS (eds.) Environmental impacts of traditional and innovative forest-based bioproducts. Environmental footprints and eco-design of products and processes, vol 7. Springer, pp 45-103. ISBN 9789811006531; 9789811006555

Journal and conference articles

Skinner C, Baker P, Tomkinson J, Richards D, Charlton A (2020) Pressurised disc refining of wheat straw as a pre-treatment approach for agricultural residues: A preliminary assessment of energy consumption and fibre composition. Bioresource Technology, 304, 122976. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2020.122976

Skinner C, Stefanowski BK, Heathcote D, Charlton A, Ormondroyd GA (2016) Life cycle assessment of pilot-scale wood fibre production using mechanical disc refining at different pressures. International Wood Products Journal, 7(3): 149-155. DOI:10.1080/20426445.2016.1200825

Skinner C, Laflin N, Heathcote D, Elias RM, Charlton A (2016) Thermo-mechanical pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for the production of bio-composite materials. In: COST Action FP1306 3rd MC Meeting and 2nd Workshop: Valorization of lignocellulosic biomass side streams for sustainable production of chemicals, materials & fuels using low environmental impact technologies. Dubrovnik, Croatia 4-6 April 2016.   

Martin L, Skinner C, Marriott RJ (2015) Supercritical extraction of oil seed rape: energetic evaluation of process scale. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 105:55-59. DOI: 10.1016/j.supflu.2015.04.017

Hu J-B, Skinner C, Ormondroyd GA, Pizzi GTA, Thevenon M-F (2015) Life cycle assessment of a novel tannin-boron association for wood protection. In: COST Action FP 1407 1st Conference: Life Cycle Assessment, EPDs and modified wood. Koper, Slovinia 25-26 August 2015.


Skinner, C (2019)  Factors affecting the life cycle assessment of biopolymers.  Commissioned report for the Bio-based and Biodegradable Industries Association, submitted as part of a response to UK Government consultation on "Standards for biodegradable, compostable and bio-based plastics: call for evidence."  13 Oct 2019.

Ormondroyd, G and Skinner, C (2019)  Carbon footprint assessment of the North Wales and Mersey Dee economic area.  Commissioned report for NWMD Business Council.  Submitted 06 June 2019.

Annual Report, The Biocomposites Centre, 2017, 2018, 2019 (editor / co-editor)

Charlton A, Skinner C, Baker P, Tomkinson J, Chesworth M, Wilkinson C, Hanslip Z, Richards D, Kelly S,  Zein S (2017) Plants to Products BBSRC NIBB - Proof of Concept award (HD-RD0300E): Evaluation of the thermo-mechanical pulping of biomass to facilitate release of fermentable sugars for advanced biofuel production. Final project report.

Conference and seminar presentations

Keynote speaker (2018) Critical factors in life cycle assessments of biodegradable packaging materials. (Keynote Speaker).1st International Conference on Safe Biodegradable Packaging Technology, MIGHT, Cyberjaya, Malaysia, 24 - 26 July 2018.

Skinner C (2017) Life Cycle Assessment and modified wood. FP1407 Training school: Service life of modified wood: Understanding Test Methodologies. Bangor University, 3rd April 2017.

Skinner C (2015) Energy monitoring at pilot-scale: adding detail to ‘black box’ data. At: COST Actions FP1407 WG 2 and FP1303 joint meeting:  LCA of wood modification processes: where are the weaknesses in inventories? ETHZ Zürich, 3rd Dec 2015.

Skinner C (2015) Energy evaluation in supercritical CO2 extraction. At: UKCSS & CO2Chem joint workshop: Integrated life cycle approaches for understanding carbon dioxide utilisation and sequestration pathways. University of Sheffield, 4th Mar 2015.

Skinner C (2015) Environmental assessment: carbon, water and more. At: Enhanced Utilisation of Alcoholic Beverage By-products. Bangor University, 22nd Jan 2015.

Skinner C (2011) Sustainability in the food chain: carbon & water footprinting. At: Eurofruit Congress Southern Hemisphere. Lima, 10th Nov 2011.


Patent application (contributor): Method of processing lignocellulosic material and apparatus therefore. Bangor University, University of Hull & National Non-Food Crops Centre. Application 1814185.3, August 2018.